Characterization of molecular events in the pathogenesis and development of breast cancer.

  • 220 Pages
  • 3.92 MB
  • English
The Physical Object
Pagination220 leaves.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL20386915M
ISBN 100612537765

Molecular pathogenesis takes into account the molecular alterations that occur in response to environmental insults and other contributing factors, to produce pathology.

By developing a deep understanding of molecular pathogenesis, we will uncover the pathways that contribute to disease, either through loss-of-function or through gain-of-function. Comprehensive genomic characterization of muscle-invasive bladder cancer by several research groups has yielded significant insights into the pathogenesis of the disease.

Description Characterization of molecular events in the pathogenesis and development of breast cancer. PDF

Epithelial ovarian cancer is a highly heterogeneous disease characterized by multiple histological subtypes. Molecular diversity has been shown to occur within specific histological subtypes of epithelial ovarian cancer, between different tumors of an individual patient, as well as within individual tumors.

Recent advances in the molecular characterization of epithelial ovarian Cited by: Rather, this chapter will focus on the molecular pathogenesis of prostate cancer. Incidence and Etiology of Prostate Cancer. Risk factors for development of prostate cancer include age, race, inherited genes, and environmental factors (such as diet).Cited by: 1.

The development of breast cancer entails multiple events; unfortunately, the two main factors elucidated in the experimental animal model, the causative agent and the time of initiation, are unknown in the human population (47,48).Cited by: Thyroid cancer is a common endocrine malignancy that has rapidly increased in global incidence in recent decades 1, the United States, the average annual increase in thyroid cancer incidence of % between and is the highest among all cancers gh the death rate of thyroid cancer is relatively low, the rate of disease recurrence or persistence is high, Cited by: characterization of the genes involved in breast cancer initiation and progression, including invasion and metastasis, will facilitate study of the basic physiology and biochemistry of the normal breast, because it will become possible to assess the role of these genes in normal breast development and function.

Breast cancer and Hormonal contraceptives: collaborative reanalysis of individual data on 53, women with breast cancer andwomen without breast cancer from 54. The year marks exactly two decades since HER2 was functionally implicated in the pathogenesis of human breast cancer ().

This finding established the HER2 oncogene hypothesis for the development of some human cancers. The subsequent two decades have Cited by:   Introduction. Gastric cancer is a global health problem of major proportions.

Incancer of the stomach was the most frequent neoplasm in the world, comprising % of the major cancers with ~ incident cases per year (1).In the mid s, gastric cancer was surpassed by lung cancer, with stomach comprising and lung % of estimated incident Cited by:   Thyroid cancer is a common endocrine malignancy.

There has been exciting progress in understanding its molecular pathogenesis in recent years, as best exemplified by the elucidation of the Cited by: Abstract.

Over the last 20 years, there have been major advances in the treatment and prevention of breast cancer (BC), including the development and widespread use of mammography to detect cancer at an early stage, and the use of adjuvant chemotherapy or hormonal therapy to treat these early cancers to improve by: The book starts off by describing the normal breast tissue and continues with information on the development of breast cancer, as well as laboratory models (such as transgenic mice) used to study it.

The last chapter includes personal research that the authors have performed in the field and potential clinical implications that it may : $ His research focuses on the study of the molecular pathogenesis of endometrial cancer, the most common gynecological cancer in women.

Current projects in the lab are examining the molecular differences between aggressive and non-invasive endometrial cancers, gene methylation patterns in endometrial cancer, and the characterization of novel.

The Epstein Barr Virus is among the very first oncogenic viruses to be identified as culprits of human malignancies. Its role as an etiologic agent of breast cancer however remains debated despite mounting molecular evidence.

In this chapter we address the challenge of multiple molecular etiologies of breast cancer (BC) with emphasis on the Epstein Barr Virus (EBV) as a Author: Ghimja Fessahaye, Muntaser E.


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The year marks exactly two decades since Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor-2 (HER2) was functionally implicated in the pathogenesis of human breast cancer. This finding established the Cited by: On the surgical front, precise characterization of axillary sentinel node locations and their relative predictive values is described and being explored by our surgeons.

Potentially, a novel predictive model may reduce the need for axillary nodal dissection for patients needing a.

Ovarian cancer (OC) represents almost 4% of all cancer diagnoses among women worldwide. It is the eighth most common cause of death by cancer, resulting indeaths (% of all cancer deaths) [1, 2].Besides its low incidence, OC is associated with a high mortality rate attributable, in part, to the frequent diagnosis at an advanced : Joana Assis, Deolinda Pereira, Augusto Nogueira, Rui Medeiros.

Allelic losses on the short arm of chromosome 8 (8p) have been reported as frequent events in several cancers, including lung. However, no comprehensive mapping analysis of chromosome 8p in lung cancer tumors has been performed, and no data are available about the stage at which these abnormalities occur during the multistage development of lung by: Through the application of specific and sensitive molecular methodologies, the clinical laboratory of the future will be able to effectively screen populations at high risk for the development of cancer, potentially impacting the early detection and diagnosis of human by: 1.

Muzny DM, Bainbridge MN, Chang K, et al: Comprehensive molecular characterization of human colon and rectal cancer. NatureCrossref, Google Scholar: Weinstein JM, Akbani R, Broom BM, et al: Comprehensive molecular characterization of urothelial bladder carcinoma.

NatureCrossref, Google Cited by: Development of new, high-throughput technologies and experimental models to investigate glycobiology in the pathogenesis of cancer. Emerging areas relevant to this research include elucidation of molecular pathways involved in aberrant glycosylation in tumor cells and examination of the cellular synthesis of glycans during tumor growth and.

Metaplastic breast cancers (MBC) are aggressive, chemoresistant tumors characterized by lineage plasticity. To advance understanding of their pathogenesis and relatedness to other breast cancer subtypes, 28 MBCs were compared with common breast cancers using comparative genomic hybridization, transcriptional profiling, and reverse-phase protein arrays.

Video 2: Integrated genomic characterization of papillary thyroid carcinoma () by Prof. Tom Giordano, University of Michigan Video 3: Advances in molecular pathogenesis of thyroid cancer () by Prof. Pilar Santisteban, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid Video 4: Molecular influence in thyroid cancer () by The American Head and Neck Society.

Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is the fourth most common cause of cancer-related death and is the most lethal of common malignancies with a five-year survival rate of Cited by: The development of monoclonal antibodies for the targeted treatment of solid tumors is a major focus of efforts in the pharmaceutical arena as is evidenced by recent product approvals.

An understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying cancer pathogenesis is critical for the development and regulatory review of such therapies. Molecular Pathology of Lung Cancer - Ebook written by Philip T.

Cagle, Timothy Craig Allen, Mary Beth Beasley, Lucian R.

Details Characterization of molecular events in the pathogenesis and development of breast cancer. FB2

Chirieac, Sanja Dacic, Alain C. Borczuk, Keith M. Kerr. Read this book using Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices. Download for offline reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read Molecular Pathology of Lung Cancer. Breast cancer is a highly heterogeneous disease.

Consequently, the classification of breast cancer is very complicated to understand [].With the advancement of the disease, the primary tumor within the breast (stage 1) frequently spreads to the tissues and lymph nodes nearby (stage 2–3) or the distant organs (distant metastasis, stage 4).

The recent development of genomic, epigenomic, and proteomic tools for tissue biomarker detection, including array CGH, RNA expression microarrays, and proteomic arrays have identified a number of potential biomarkers that both identify patients at increased risk, as well as provided insights into the pathology of early breast cancer development.

Breast and prostate cancers continue to be the most commonly diagnosed cancers among Americans. My laboratory focuses on the characterization and molecular targeting of key proteins involved in breast and prostate tumorigenesis, using both in. Cancer How can experimental models of tumor development for the major tissues (lung, colon, stomach, breast, liver, and leukemias) be developed to represent the major processes in radiation carcinogenesis and extrapolated to human risk and clinical outcome projections?I joined Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center as a postdoctoral fellow in the laboratory of Hans-Guido Wendel, where I focused my interests on understanding and improving immune therapies.

As a kick off project in the lab, I characterized the effect of loss of immune receptor HVEM in lymphoma development and pathology.April –March Specific induction of lethal autophagy in triple-negative breast cancer cells National Cancer Institute, NIH Role: Principal Investigator $, January –August Development of a chimeric protein as a novel multivalent delivery vehicle for inducing protective immune responses to pathogens on mucosal surfaces.